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CO2-method kit – Determination of GHG-emissions in logistics companies with a specific method kit


Seeking after the example of Great Britain, shippers from the manufacturing and retailing industry aim at assessing their product-related environmental impacts. To specify this across the whole supply chain, they also demand the declaration of all shipping-related greenhouse gas emissions from their logistics service providers.

However, for logistics service providers the assessment of emissions in general and their allocation to the individual customer often was a major challenge. One main reason was that although there were numerous standards and guidelines (e.g. ISO 14064-1, ISO 14065, DIN EN 14040, DIN EN 14044, DIN EN 16258, PAS 2050), there was no standardized, comparable approach for the calculation of GHG-emissions caused by logistics processes. Because of missing or incomplete approaches, the assessments as well as regular updates were quite expensive. This endangered the competitiveness of small and medium-sized logistics service providers who – in the end – need to gather and to provide the relevant information.



Initially, during the research project "CO2-method kit", the basic framework (policies, procedures, emission factors) for the establishment of a CO2-balance was introduced to small and medium-sized logistics companies. In the second step, a method kit was developed, which enables the logistics companies to calculate the emissions of their logistics processes. However, these results are mainly for internal interests. Therefore, the logistics provider finally needs to allocate the total emissions to the causing customers. Again, this is possible by using the CO2-method kit.



The result of this research project is a CO2-method kit, which was implemented in MS Excel. The method kit offers an individual demonstrator-tool for each mode of transport, as well as for stationary processes in logistics systems. Like that, even complex transport chains can be illustrated. Overall, the method kit offers a pragmatic solution for the everyday life in business. For this purpose, on the one hand it can be used for certain routes of existing records; on the other hand it is possible to add new routes continuously. The underlying calculation methods determine the energy consumption, CO2- and CO2e- emissions, distinguishing between Tank-to-Wheel and Well-to-Wheel. Based on the resulting greenhouse gas values, logistics companies can identify and carry out appropriate measures to reduce their CO2-emissions.



Prof. Dr.-Ing. Uwe Clausen


Funding and Partners:

Allianz Industrie Forschung Bundesvereinigung Logistik (BVL) e.V. Logo_lfo